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More than a third of the population in Bulgaria, Romania, Greece, Latvia and Hungary are at risk of poverty and social exclusion, according to a new report. In half of the EU’s 28 member states, at least one in three children live in poverty.
The report, Poverty and Inequalities on the Rise – Just social systems needed as the solution!, was published on Thursday February 19th 2015 by Caritas Europa, an umbrella organisation which fights poverty and social exclusion.
It found disturbing levels of deprivation in the seven EU countries worst hit by the economic crisis: Cyprus, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, Romania and Spain.
According to the report, almost half of Bulgarians (48%) and more than 40% of Romanians are currently at risk of poverty.
In fourteen out of the EU’s 28 member states, one in three children are considered to be living in poverty.
The Caritas figures are broadly confirmed by the EU’s official statistical agency, Eurostat, which ascertained that one in four citizens were at risk of poverty and social exclusion in 2013.
– Global number of children in child labour has declined by one third since 2000, from 246 million to 168 million children. More than half of them, 85 million, are in hazardous work (down from 171 million in 2000).
– Asia and the Pacific still has the largest numbers (almost 78 million or 9.3% of child population), but Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest incidence of child labour (59 million, over 21%).
– There are 13 million (8.8%) of children in child labour in Latin America and the Caribbean and in the Middle East and North Africa there are 9.2 million (8.4%).
– Agriculture remains by far the most important sector where child labourers can be found (98 million, or 59%), but the problems are not negligible in services (54 million) and industry (12 million) – mostly in the informal economy.
– Child labour among girls fell by 40% since 2000, compared to 25% for boys.
– There are an estimated 110 million active mines scattered in over 70 countries – in terms of people this translates as one for every 17 children or 52 humans in our world.
– A further 110 million have been stockpiled.
– 2,000 people are involved in landmine accidents every month – one victim every 20 minutes. Around 800 of these will die, the rest will be maimed.
– One deminer is killed and two are injured for every 5,000 mines cleared.
– About 100,000 mines are removed each year, but until recently 2 million more were being planted each year.
– At the current rate it would take 1,100 years to rid the world of mines. That’s assuming no new ones are laid.
– Angola, Vietnam, Afghanistan, Burma, Sudan, Eritrea, Cambodia, Iraq and …EU’s Finland among the countries with landmines